- Item 5218 - General Oliver O. Howard
- Contributed by Maine Historical Society
- Item 5218
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Oliver Otis Howard of Leeds (1830-1909), who attended West Point Military Academy, was commissioned as a colonel in the Maine 3rd Infantry Regiment on May 28, 1861, then immediately commissioned into the U.S. Volunteers General Staff Infantry Regiment.Show Details
He was promoted to major general on Nov. 28, 1862, and to brevet major general on March 13, 1865. He was awarded the Medal of Honor for his conduct at Fair Oaks in June 1862 when his horse was shot out from under him and his arm was shattered by a bullet, but he remained in command. His arm was later amputated and he returned to service.
After the war he headed the Freedman's Bureau and advocated for former slaves. He also founded Howard University in Washington, D.C., and was its first president. The university was started to provide education to former slaves.